For the last 1,000 days the Infrared Array Camera, aboard NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, has been operating continuously to probe the universe from its most distant regions to our local solar neighborhood. The IRAC “warm” program began once Spitzer used up its liquid helium coolant, thus completing its “cold” mission. To commemorate 1,000 days of infrared wonders, the program is releasing a Gallery Of The 10 Best IRAC Images.
The top 10 IRAC images the team selected are (click to view):
- A “space tornado”
- The Orion Nebula
- The Helix Nebula
- The Trifid Nebula
- The “Mountains of Creation”
- A young star cluster
- Our Milky Way galaxy
- The Whirlpool galaxy
- The Sombrero galaxy
- The young, distant universe
- (Full Gallery)
Image right: This “tornado,” designated Herbig-Haro 49/50, is shaped by a cosmic jet packing a powerful punch as it plows through clouds of interstellar gas and dust. (Credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / J. Bally, University of Colorado)
“IRAC continues to be an amazing camera, still producing important discoveries and spectacular new images of the infrared universe,” said principal investigator Giovanni Fazio of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
The warm-mission images particularly highlight the continuing capabilities of Spitzer. Indeed, NASA’s Senior Review Panel has recommended extending the Spitzer warm mission through 2015. They specifically commended the Spitzer team for telescope improvements that have made it a powerful instrument for science, especially in exoplanet studies.
Left: In this image of the nearby Sombrero Galaxy, IRAC clearly sees a dramatic disk of warm dust (red) caused by star formation around the central bulge (blue). The Sombrero is located 28 million light-years away in the constellation Virgo.
(Credit: NASA / JPL-Caltech / R. Kennicutt, Univ. of Arizona)
IRAC is sensitive to infrared light—light beyond the red end of the visible spectrum. It can image nebulae of cold dust, peer inside obscured dust clouds where new stars are forming, and detect faint emissions from very distant galaxies.
During its 1,000-day undertaking, IRAC used its two shortest-wavelength infrared sensors. However, some of the images featured today include data collected during the cold mission, when all four of its infrared sensors could function.
Many additional images from Spitzer can be found online at http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/